The paranormal, the occult and the magical
Discover the strange and unexpected: traditions of belief, practice and investigation in the occult, unexplained and magical.
Subject Librarian: Tansy Barton
Phone: 020 7862 8475
The Library’s collections in parapsychology and the paranormal began with the deposit of psychical investigator and author Harry Price’s collection of books and papers in the late 1930s. The Harry Price Library of Magical Literature has grown since then and includes over 13,0000 items on psychical research and parapsychology, the occult, spiritualism, the paranormal, the unexplained, phenomena, magic and witchcraft.
The Archives contain several collections on psychical research and spiritualism including the research and correspondence of Eric John Dingwall and manuscripts related to séances and spiritualist circles. The Modern Collections and e-book collections include recent and current scholarship on parapsychology, the paranormal, the occult, magic and witchcraft. New works, antiquarian books and archival material continue to be added to the collections.
Locating and accessing material
The Harry Price Library and archive collections are part of the Library’s Special Collections and can be requested for consultation in the Special Collections Reading Room on the 4th floor.
Books on this subject can be found in many parts of the Library’s collections including Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, Art and Literary Studies as well as in our e-book collections.
Specialist collections and subjects
The foundation collection of the Library’s holdings on The Paranormal, the Occult and the Magical was built by author, psychical researcher and book collector Harry Price over many years before he gave it to the University of London in the late 1930s for the purpose of encouraging research and investigation into the unexplained.
The Harry Price Library collection includes over 13,000 books, pamphlets, cuttings, offprints and periodicals dating from the 15th century onwards. Price collected in many areas and the collection is rich on magic, witchcraft, psychical research, parapsychology, prognostication, the occult , hauntings and the paranormal.
The 19th and early 20th century are particularly well represented in the areas of spiritualism and psychical research. Price was also a collector of antiquarian material. Among the early books are:
- two copies of a 1494 edition of Malleus Maleficarum(Opens in new window) and other early works on witchcraft and demonology,
- a 1572 English translation of Ludwig Lavater's De Spectris, Lemuribus et Magnis atque Insolitis Fragoribus(Opens in new window) on ghosts and spirits
- rare pamphlets by Oliver Goldsmith on the Cock-Lane Ghost(Opens in new window) and by Jonathan Swift on charlatans.(Opens in new window).
Thanks to a bequest from Price the collection continues to grow with new books and objects reflecting the wide-range of the subjects covered.
In addition to the Library collection, the Harry Price Archive includes his working papers and correspondence, manuscripts, photographs, scrapbooks, film shot by Price, artwork and objects. Much of the archive documents his work in psychical research with files on some of his most famous investigations such as spirit photography, Borley Rectory, the mediumships of the Schneider Brothers and Helen Duncan and Gef, the talking mongoose.
Since the arrival of The Harry Price Library, the Library has continued to acquire archive collections on related subjects. Among these are the papers of psychical investigator and anthropologist Eric Dingwall. The papers include his extensive and wide-ranging scrapbooks, records of the Society for the Study of Supernormal Pictures, prints and slides of psychic and anthropological photographs and Dingwall’s kit of essentials for investigations.
The collection also includes Dingwall’s correspondence with many major figures of psychical research in the 20th century including Mollie Goldney, Trevor Hall, Guy Lyon Playfair, James Randi, Geroge Zorab and organisations such as the BBC, the Magic Circle and Society for Psychical Research. The correspondence is closed under the terms of Dingwall’s will until 2025 when it will be open to researchers.
Other archive collections include records and transcripts of the Edinburgh circle of Emmeline Vyner in the 1920s and 1930s, papers relating to the psychic and author Matthew Manning, including automatic drawings and diaries of Caroline Rhys-Davids concerning automatic writing and the afterlife. A guide to archive sources can be found in the archives and manuscripts catalogue. (Opens new window)
Harry Price’s library began with one of the most famous and popular books on magic of the 19th century: Professor Hofman’s Modern Magic, first published in 1871. Price continued to collect books, pamphlets and periodicals on all forms of performance magic and allied arts. The collection is a rich source for researchers in the history of magic and popular culture covering many aspects of performance, stagecraft, biography and the visual culture of magic.
Books in the collection date from the 16th to the 20th century and the collection is one of the most significant for the subject in an academic library. Some of the rare works include:
- a first edition of Reginald Scott’s The Discoverie of Witchcraft(Opens in new window) (1584), the first printed book in English to feature descriptions or conjuring tricks
- Hocus Pocus Junior(Opens in new window)(1634), the first work dedicated to conjuring with illustrations.
- Alongside these are 18th century ‘exposés’ of the conjuror’s arts and 19th century manuals of magic, including numerous editions of Modern Magic.
As well as books, the collection includes pamphlets, journals, posters, ephemera and a small number of conjuring manuscripts from the late 18th and early 19th centuries. New works, particularly on the history and psychology of magic, are regularly added to the collection.
In 2019 the exhibition Staging Magic celebrated this aspect of the collection.
From first editions of classic 18th and 19th century texts to 21st century interpretations, Senate House Library’s collections are strong in representations of gothic and supernatural literature. The subject is broad-ranging and intersects with studies of medicine, psychology and cultural memory.
One of the earliest gothic texts is Horace Walpole’s 1764/5 the Castle of Otranto which the library holds in both first and second editions, the latter subtitled A Gothic Story, while the first edition of Matthew Lewis’s 1796 work the Monk is also held. One of the most famous gothic stories, Mary Shelley’s 1818 Frankenstein; or The Modern Prometheus is held in its first edition but also in reimagined form as a 19th century play entitled Frankenstein: a Romantic Drama and published by Dick’s Standard Plays. The first edition of Bram Stoker’s Dracula (1897) is held alongside an earlier literary vampire, John Polidori’s 1819 The Vampyre: a Tale (also later reinterpreted as a Dick’s Standard Play).
Many of these books are held within the Sterling Library,(Opens in new window) a collection of c.7000 volumes of first editions of English Literature; section I of this collection contains works published prior to 1900.
The Dick’s Standard Plays are held within the Malcolm Morley collection(Opens in new window), some of which is also available online via the resource Victorian Popular Culture. (Opens in new window)
Another source of gothic and supernatural literature is the Harry Price Library of Magical Literature(Opens in new window) an extensive collection which contains works on all aspects of magic, the occult, psychic research and related phenomena and ideas.
This collection is strongest in 19th and early 20th century works but is still added to so also contains more contemporary tales. Fiction features within the collection, including tales of the supernatural. Authors featured include spiritualist and Theosophist Violet Tweedale and Algernon Blackwood, but also more contemporary voices such as Susan Hill and Michelle Paver.
The library’s modern collections, much of which is on open access, are also rich in reprinted primary gothic and supernatural literature, many secondary works on the themes, and also first editions from the latter half of the 19thcentury onwards.
Writers featured include Arthur Machen, Olivia Howard Dunbar and Lord Dunsany. Adam Scovell’s Folk Horror: Hours Dreadful and Things Strange (2017) is a key text, focussing primarily on film but with literary relevance, while collections published by Tartarus Press and Swan River Press provide both reprints and new literary voices.
A recent re-igniting of literary small and independent press publishing is represented by zine-like publications Hellebore, Fiddler’s Green, Weird Walk, Ignota Books’s Spells: 21st-Century Occult Poetry (2018) and Camp Books’s poster Sigils For Queers (2019).
The library’s growing collection of e-books contain many that are relevant to the subject. Perhaps a good starting point is A Research Guide to Gothic Literature in English: Print and Electronic Sources.
From its beginnings in early 19th century America, spiritualism became a major movement in 19th and early 20th century with believers searching for contacts with those ‘beyond the veil’. Mediums and séances attracted both believers and the curious, becoming a sensation of popular culture, with ‘dark séances’ a popular part stage and parlour performances. Alongside the rise of spiritualism grew an interest in scientifically testing and finding evidence for phenomena such as telepathy and the existence of the afterlife.
Organisations such as the Society of Psychical Research aimed "to approach these varied problems without prejudice or prepossession of any kind, and in the same spirit of exact and unimpassioned enquiry which has enabled science to solve so many problems, once not less obscure nor less hotly debated."
The Library’s collections are rich with contemporary material on these subjects. These include publications of the Society of Psychical Research, spiritualist journals and pamphlets, investigations of mediums and cuttings and offprints from the popular press.
The Harry Price Library includes early works on communicating with spirits and ‘table rapping’, works by American spiritualists Andrew Jackson Davis and John W. Edmonds and works on and by many mediums and practitioners including D.D. Home, the Davenport Brothers, the Bang Sisters, Emma Hardinge Britten, Mina Crandon and Helen Duncan.
Works by the founders and members of the Society of Psychical are well represented including Frederick Myers, Henry Sidgwick, William Crookes, Edmund Gurney and Oliver Lodge and subjects including telepathy, spirit communication, hypnotism, phrenology and hauntings are covered extensively.
The archive collections include accounts of séances, investigations and case studies of mediums and phenomena, photographs and letters, including Harry Price’s correspondence with many key figures in early 20th century psychical research and spiritualism including Arthur Conan Doyle.
The Harry Price Library and the Modern Collections include many studies and histories of these subjects as well as contemporary works on parapsychology. Starting points for research include:
- Janet Oppenhiem’s The Other World: Spiritualism and Psychical Research in England, 1850–1914(Opens in new window) (1985)
- Roger Luckhurst’s The Invention of Telepathy, 1870-1901(Opens in new window) (2002)
- The Spiritualist Movement : Speaking with the Dead in America and Around the World(Opens in new window) (2013).
From the Fox Sisters in 1848 on, woman played important roles in spiritualism and many titles in the collection cover this subject including:
LibGuides eresources by subject
The Library subscribes to a range of full-text and bibliographical resources to support your research in the paranormal, occult and magical. These include collections of digitised journals and archives, e-books and specialist resources such as Victorian Popular Culture covering ‘Spiritualism, Sensation and Magic.’ View the A to Z Database list on our LibGuides(Opens in new window) platform.
From the Harry Price Archive
From MS912, The Eric John Dingwall Papers
Rare books from the Harry Price Library
Four newer books